JSON-RPC API Quick Start

Welcome to the guide for making remote procedure calls (RPC) to the Sui network. This document walks you through connecting to Sui and how to the Sui JSON-RPC API to interact with the Sui network. Use the RPC layer to send your dApp transactions to Sui validators for verification.

This guide is useful for developers interested in Sui network interactions via API and should be used in conjunction with the SuiJSON format for aligning JSON inputs with Move Call arguments.

For a similar guide on Sui network interactions via CLI, refer to the Sui CLI client documentation.

Follow the instructions to install Sui binaries.

Connect to a Sui network

You can connect to a Sui Full node on Devnet. Follow the guidance in the Connect to Sui Devnet topic to start making RPC calls to the Sui network.

To configure your own Sui Full node, see Configure a Sui Full node.

Sui SDKs

You can sign transactions and interact with the Sui network using any of the following:

Sui JSON-RPC examples

The following sections demonstrate how to use the Sui JSON-RPC API with cURL commands. See the Sui API Reference for the latest list of all available methods.

RPC discover

Sui RPC server supports OpenRPC’s service discovery method. A rpc.discover method is added to provide documentation describing our JSON-RPC APIs service.

curl --location --request POST $SUI_RPC_HOST \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{ "jsonrpc":"2.0", "method":"rpc.discover","id":1}'

Transfer object

The examples in this section demonstrate how to create transfer transactions. To use the example commands, replace the values between double brackets ({{ example_ID }} with actual values.

Objects IDs for {{coin_object_id}} and {{gas_object_id}} must be owned by the address specified for {{owner_address}} for the command to succeed. Use sui_getOwnedObjectsByAddress to return object IDs.

Create an unsigned transaction to transfer a Sui coin from one address to another

curl --location --request POST $SUI_RPC_HOST \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "method": "sui_transferObject",
  "params":[
    "{{owner_address}}",
    "{{object_id}}",
    "{{gas_object_id}}",
    {{gas_budget}},
    "{{to_address}}"],
}' | json_pp

A response resembles the following:

{
  "id" : 1,
  "jsonrpc" : "2.0",
  "result" : {
    "tx_bytes" : "VHJhbnNhY3Rpb25EYXRhOjoAAFHe8jecgzoGWyGlZ1sJ2KBFN8aZF7NIkDsM+3X8mrVCa7adg9HnVqUBAAAAAAAAACDOlrjlT0A18D0DqJLTU28ChUfRFtgHprmuOGCHYdv8YVHe8jecgzoGWyGlZ1sJ2KBFN8aZdZnY6h3kyWFtB38Wyg6zjN7KzAcBAAAAAAAAACDxI+LSHrFUxU0G8bPMXhF+46hpchJ22IHlpPv4FgNvGOgDAAAAAAAA="
  }
}

Sign a transaction using the Sui keytool

sui keytool sign --address <owner_address> --data <tx_bytes>

The keytool creates a key and then returns the signature and public key information.

Execute a transaction with a signature and a public key

curl --location --request POST $SUI_RPC_HOST \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "id": 1,
  "method": "sui_executeTransaction",
  "params": [ 
    "{{tx_bytes}}",
    "{{sig_scheme}}",
    "{{signature}}",
    "{{pub_key}}",
    "{{request_type}}"
  ]
}' | json_pp

Native transfer by sui_transferObject supports any object that allows for public transfers. Some objects cannot be transferred natively and require a Move call. See Transactions for more information about native transfers.

Invoke Move functions

The example command in this section demonstrate how to call Move functions.

Execute a Move call transaction

Execute a Move call transaction by calling the specified function in the module of a given package (smart contracts in Sui are written in the Move language):

curl --location --request POST $SUI_RPC_HOST \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{ 
  "jsonrpc": "2.0",
  "method": "sui_moveCall",
  "params": [
    "{{owner_address}}",
    "0x2",
    "coin",
    "transfer",
    ["0x2::sui::sui"],
    ["{{object_id}}", "{{recipient_address}}"],
    "{{gas_object_id}}",
     2000
  ],
  "id": 1 
}' | json_pp

Arguments are passed in, and type is inferred from the function signature. Gas usage is capped by the gas_budget. The transfer function is described in more detail in the Sui CLI client documentation.

The transfer function in the Coin module serves the same purpose as (sui_transferObject). It is used for illustration purposes, as a native transfer is more efficient.

To learn more about which args a Move call accepts, see SuiJSON.

Publish a Move package

curl --location --request POST $SUI_RPC_HOST \
--header 'Content-Type: application/json' \
--data-raw '{ 
  "jsonrpc":"2.0",
  "method":"sui_publish",
  "params":[
    "{{owner_address}}",
    ["{{vector_of_compiled_modules}}"],
    "{{gas_object_id}}",
     10000
   ],
  "id":1
}' | json_pp

This endpoint performs proper verification and linking to make sure the package is valid. If some modules have initializers, these initializers execute in Move (which means new Move objects can be created in the process of publishing a Move package). Gas budget is required because of the need to execute module initializers.

To publish a Move module, you also need to include {{vector_of_compiled_modules}}. To generate the value of this field, use the sui move command. The sui move command supports printing the bytecode as base64:

sui move --path <move-module-path> build --dump-bytecode-as-base64

Assuming that the location of the package's sources is in the PATH_TO_PACKAGE environment variable an example command resembles the following:

sui move --path $PATH_TO_PACKAGE/my_move_package build --dump-bytecode-as-base64

["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", "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"]
Build Successful

Copy the output base64 representation of the compiled Move module into the REST publish endpoint.

The command generates a package object that represents the published Move code. You can use the package ID as an argument for subsequent Move calls to functions defined in this package.

Last update 11/2/2022, 8:29:08 AM

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